The current and future state of machine vision and its impacts on driver safety have generated tremendous excitement. Despite the critical role of pavement markings, the contrast, color and durability often falls short of levels needed for human safety and machine vision. How do humans and machines see pavement markings? Can contrast be incorporated into roads for detection? Get the answers to these questions, discuss the condition of our nation’s roads and walk away with a greater understanding of the relationship between pavement markings and autonomous vehicles (AVs).